knitting knowledge 

Once you learn the basics of knitting you can create magic. With the basic stitches (knit and purl) you can basically create anything. From there you can take it one step at a time building your knitting knowledge by learning how to increase/decrease, join in a new colour, cable, knit in the round etc etc.  

All the stitches and methods that are used in my knit kits are included here to give you a helping hand there's also plenty of helpful videos on You Tube if you'd like to see it in action (while I slowly work on my own videos)

 

build the basics

For the knitting basics you can click the button below to learn how to Cast On, Cast off, Knit and Purl. I've also got a How to Knit a Blanket video available here


abbreviations

A, B, C  Yarn Colours ie "Using Col A" 

Approx  Approximately

Beg  Begin(ning)

C4B  Cable 4 (or number stated) stitches at the back

C4F  Cable 4 (or number stated) stitches at the front

CM  Centimeter(s)

Cont  Continue 

Inc  Increase 

K  knit

K2tog  Knit two stitches together

LH  Left hand (needle)

P  Purl

P2tog  Purl two stitches together

 

 

Patt  Pattern

Rem  Remaining

Rep  Repeat

RH  Right Hand (needle)

RS  Right Side of knitting

SL  Slip

KPO  Slip one stitch, knit one stitch, pass the slipped stitch over the knitted stitch

SSK  Slip one stitch, Slip one stitch, knit slipped stitches together

 St St  Stockinette Stitch (1 row knit, 1 row purl)

St(s)  Stitches

Tog  Together

WS  Wrong side of knitting

 
 

Gauge 

All patterns have a gauge to help you make the item the same size. It tells you how many stitches and rows fit into 10cm so you can make sure your knitting matches. If you have more stitches/rows then you need to loosen your tension (how tight you're knitting) and if you have less stitches/rows then you need to tighten your tension (by pulling the yarn tighter when you create a stitch. It's always best to cast on more stitches than the gauge and knit more rows so that when you measure you can really see how many you have. Lay your sample flat and place your ruler on it to see where 10cm sits and count how many stitches/rows you have within that measurement. 

 

Increasing

Increasing is used in lots of patterns to shape your knitting. It's a nice easy technique: 

1. When you reach the stitch you need to increase: knit the stitch as normal but do not drop it off the left hand needle.

2. Keeping that stitch on the RH needles, knit the same stitch (from the LH needle) again by putting your RH needling into the back of the stitch

3. Drop that stitch off the needle in the usual way. 

 

Decreasing

There's a few different ways to decrease depending on the pattern but again, they're all simple to do:

K2tog

To knit 2 stitches together simple place your RH needle through the 2 next stitches and knit as usual.

p2tog

To purl 2 stitches together (used on a purl row) place your RH needle through the 2 next stitches and purl as usual.


The great SSK & SKPO debate... (i'm sure you've heard of it!)

Generally it seems to be personal preference as to which of these methods you use. I tend to go with SKPO but lots of people like SSK...

SSK

1. Slip one stitch knitwise (to do this - place your RH needle into the stitch as if you're going to knit it then before you knit it slip it off the LH needle onto the RH needle) 

2. Slip the next stitch knitwise  (so both stitches are unknitted and on the RH needle)

3. Insert the LH needle from left to right through the front loops of both the slipped stitches and knit them the usual way

SKPO

1. Slip one stitch knitwise

2. knit the next stitch 

3. Using your LH needle, pick up the first, slipped stitch and bring it over the knitted stitch and off the RH needle

 

Cables

Cables always look and sound a lot harder than they actually are, as soon as you've got the hang of knit and purl stitches, cables really are an easy step, basically all you're doing is swapping the placement of some stitches so it creates a twist in the fabric. To do this you just introduce a third needle to 'store' stitches on for a minute. The number of stitches is determined by the digit in the middle of the instruction, so below we will cable 4...

C4B

C= Cable, 4 = the number of stitches 'involved', B = where you hold them

 The only bit that isn't immediately obvious is how many stitches you're actually placing on the needle, cables effectively split a section of stitches in half and swap their position so in this case there's 4 stitches 'involved' so  when you reach the instruction you slide 2 stitches onto the cable needle, leave the cable needle at the back of the work, knit 2 stitches then knit the 2 stitches from the cable needle.

 

c4f

As above but when you've put the 2 stitches on the cable needle you would hold them at the front of the work - where you hold them (front or back) determines which direction the cable will twist and will be indicated in the pattern. 

 

c10b

Exactly the same as we've done but you'll put 5 stitches on the cable needle, hold them at the back of the work, knit 5 then knit the stitches from the cable needle.